'Text-days' are for delving into the words and theory of Advaita Vedanta.
We are now studying Aatmabodha. As always, with each week, you are encouraged to review the previous teachings and spend some time in contemplation of the meanings as the affect your life. Please do consider purchasing the text. Remember, also, to recite the mangala charana before each study and review the lessons before each new one.
To help us understand the scale of the subject under discussion - Totality of Bliss - the Guru now explains that how much one experiences of that bliss is dependent upon the capacity of the individual.
Brahmaadyaastaaratamyena bhavantyaanandino-khilaaH ||58||
Deities like Brahma and others taste only a particle of the unlimited bliss of Brahman, and proportionately enjoy their share of that particle.
The Truth is so vast even the deities cannot experience its Totality! Clearly stated here is that each will, according to his or her suitability and standing (from 'The Creator Form (Brahma)' all the way down to the tiniest living cell) in the scheme of the 'reality' we currently know, only experience as much Bliss as we can handle.
Once the Rsis decided upon there being a need to express creation as having a Creator, the name given was as close to the name given the formless, tasteless, odourless, silent, immutable Totality as possible. That Totality, when being referred to as separate from us, is called Brahmaananda, thus the Creator became Brahma. This is the concession of the great masters to those who had lesser intellectual capacity to their own. Such condescension is not to be considered 'snooty or high-handed'; rather, we must understand it as the type which a parent will offer a child who is not quite keeping up with things. Adaptations to teaching and formation of character must be made so that the individual can keep moving forward in their understanding and perception of the world.
Adi Shankara takes up this same adaptation when seeking to tempt the seeker further up the path of knowledge and to feed the desire for more. If we are presented at a party with a tiny square of cake, we may eat it and enjoy it and that's that. If, then, the host comes out and asks if anyone would like more, would we not put up our hands?!
More than this though, we must begin to understand that any happiness which we fell in our current condition is but the palest fraction of the joy which awaits once we can embrace the concept that we are the Totality. If we were to add together all the joys of all living beings, all the joy in the universe, all the joy experienced since the moment of creation itself up till the present moment… still the joy would be but the merest and most miniscule fraction of the Total Bliss.
This is what this shloka attempts to convey. It's BIG.